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HOLY TRINITY & ST. JAMES LUTHERAN CHURCHES

7TH & 8TH GRADE CATECHISM CLASS

Our Catechism Class, or Confirmation Class, features an in-depth study of our Church body's Small Catechism - an excellent summary of Holy Scripture written by 16th-century Lutheran Pastor, Teacher and Church Reformer, Martin Luther.  Our two-year study will focus particularly on Bible passages found in the Small Catechism that teach the one true Chrisitan faith.  The curriculum we will use is entitled: “The Lutheran Faith as Taught in Rev. Martin Luther’s Small Catechism.”

Youth Catechism instruction serves to prepare catechumens to become communicant members of Holy Trinity or St. James and supporters of the same, and life-long communicant members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod - faithful partakers of the Lord's Supper.     

Please note carefully!  Poor or non-Church attendance during and especially after a child is confirmed totally defeats the point of Catechism class.  This is comparable to a young athelete who attends practices toward playing in games, only to rarely if ever show up for the games themselves.  No parents of a young athelete would ever allow for this!  Nor should parents of their pre-or-post confirmed child deprive him or her of coming to Church.  Absolutely no good can come of this ever!

Catechumens, or students of the Catechism, will also learn 462 catechetical questions and their answers regarding the Lutheran Christian faith throughout the course of the year, the key 116 of which our 8th graders will be questioned on before being confirmed.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1) 2018-2010 Catechism Class Schedule
2) Catechism Class Requirements
3) Memory Work
4) 462 Questions & Answers Regarding the Christian Faith
5) 116 Questions & Answers for the Questioning of 8th Grade Confirmands (Toward being confirmed) 
6) Praying the Catechism 

1) 2018-2019 Catechism Class Schedule (Class time: @4 PM to 5:20 PM)

(Confirmation Sunday, 2020: date TBD; looking at having it on May 17th or 24th.  We can discuss.)

September 2018: 5th, 12th, 19th and 26th   

October: 3rd, 10th, 17th, 24th and 31st

November: 7th, 14th and 28th – No class on 11/21 due Thanksgiving break

December: 5th, 12th – No class on 12/19 and 12/26 due to Christmas break

January 2019: – 9th, 16th, 23rd, and 30th – No class on 1/2 due to Christmas break

February: 13th, 20th, 27th – No class on 2/6 due to early dismissal from school

March: 6th, 20th and 27th – No class on 3/12 due to spring break

April: 3rd, 10th, 17th and 24th

May: 1st, 8th, and 15th (15th only if needed)

2) Catechism Class Requirements (Please carefully review all three!)

  • Weekly Sunday Church Attendance  Parents, as you alone can provide transportation, please be faithful in bringing your child to Church on Sundays, as this is your spiritual duty as Christians. Also, see to it that you bring your child to Sunday school or Sunday morning Bible class.  Please do attend the latter yourselves as well.  
  • Weekly Catechism Class Attendance  Wednesdays, 4:00 PM to 5:20 PM
  • Catechism Memory Work

3) Memory Work

Memory is provided from either the newer, burgundy Catechism, or the blue, 1943 edition of the Small Catechism.  Catechumens are free to choose which one to commit to memory.

SMALL CATECHISM MEMORY WORK FOR 2018-2019 

9/12/18

BIBLE VERSE (Please note that the Bible verse does not need to be memorized.  We will review the verse in class.)

“I Am the Lord, and besides Me there is no savior.” (Isaiah 43:11)

CATECHISM

FIRST COMMANDMENT

You shall have no other gods. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.

SECOND COMMANDMENT

You shall not misuse the Name of the Lord your God.

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we may not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by His Name, but call upon it in ever trouble, pray, praise and give thanks.

9/19/18

BIBLE VERSE (Please note that the Bible verse does not need to be memorized.  We will review the verse in class.)

[Jesus sad,] “You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.” (Luke 4:8)

THIRD COMMANDMENT

Remember the Sabbath Day by keeping it holy. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we do not despise preaching and His Word, but hold it sacred and gladly hear and learn it. 

FOURTH COMMANDMENT

You shall honor your father and your mother. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we do not despise or anger our parents and other authorities, but honor them, serve and obey them, love and cherish them.

9/26/18

BIBLE VERSE (Please note that the Bible verse does not need to be memorized.  We will review this verse in class.)

Jesus said, “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.”  “Love your neighbor as yourself.” (Mark 12:30, 32)

CATECHISM

THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not kill. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God that we may not hurt nor harm our neighbor in his body, but help and support him in every physical need.

THE SIXTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not commit adultery. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we lead a sexually pure and decent life in what we say and do, and husband and wife love and honor each other.

10/3/18

BIBLE VERSE (Please note that the Bible verse does not need to be memorized.  We will review this verse in class.)

CATECHISM

He who has been stealing must steal no longer, but must work, doing good with his own hands, that he may have something to share with the one in need.” (Ephesians 4:28)

THE SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not steal. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we do not take our neighbor’s money or possessions or get them in any dishonest way, but help him to improve and protect his possessions and income.

THE EIGHTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. 

What does this mean?

We should fear and love God that we may not tell lies about our neighbor, betray him, slander him, or hurt his reputation, but defend him, speak well of him, and explain everything in the kindest way.

10/10/18

BIBLE VERSE  “Faith comes by hearing, and hearing through the Word of Christ.” (Romans 10:17)

CATECHISM

THE NINTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. 

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God that we do not scheme to get our neighbor’s inheritance or house, or get it in a way which only appears right, but help and be of service to him in keeping it.

THE TENTH COMMANDMENT

You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.

What does this mean? 

We should fear and love God so that we do not entice or force away our neighbor’s wife, workers, or animals, or turn them against him, but urge them to stay and do their duty.

10/17/18

BIBLE VERSE 

“Now this is what the Lord says – the One Who created you, Jacob, and the One Who formed you, Israel – ‘Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by your name; you are Mine.’” (Isaiah 43:1) 

CATECHISM

FIRST ARTICLE OF THE CREED & EXPLANATION

I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.

What does this mean?

I believe that God has made me and all creatures; that He has given me my body and soul, eyes, ears, and all my members, my reason and all my senses, and still takes care of them.

He also gives me clothing and shoes, food and drink, house and home, wife and children, land, animals, and all I have.  He richly and daily provides me with all that I need to support this body and life.

10/24/18

BIBLE VERSE 

For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by His grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” (Romans 3:23-24)

CATECHISM

FIRST ARTICLE OF THE CREED & EXPLANATION (CONTINUED)

He defends me against all danger and guards me from all evil. 

All this He does out of fatherly, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness in me.  For all this it is my duty to thank and praise, serve and obey Him. 

This is most certainly true.

10/31/18

BIBLE VERSE 

Salvation belongs to our God Who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!” (Revelation 7:10)

CATECHISM

SECOND ARTICLE OF THE CREED & EXPLANATION

And in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried.  He descended into hell.  The third day He rose again from the dead.  He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God, the Father Almighty.  From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.

What does this mean?

I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the virgin Mary, is my Lord, who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil; not with gold or silver, but with His holy, precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death, that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity.

This is most certainly true.

11/7/18

BIBLE VERSE 

“For our sake God made Him to be sin Who knew no sin, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of God.” (2 Corinthians 5:21)

CATECHISM

THIRD ARTICLE OF THE CREED & EXPLANATION

I believe in the Holy Spirit; the holy Christian Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting.  Amen.

What does this mean?

I believe that I cannot by my own reason or strength believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him; but the Holy Spirit has called me by the Gospel, enlightened me with His gifts, sanctified and kept me in the true faith.

In the same way He calls, gathers, enlightens, and sanctifies the whole Christian church on earth, and keeps it with Jesus Christ in the one true faith.

In this Christian Church He daily and richly forgives all my sins and the sins of all believers.

On the Last Day He will raise me and all the dead, and give eternal life to me and all believers in Christ.

This is most certainly true.

11/14/18

BIBLE VERSE

Jesus said: “See, I Am coming soon.  Blessed is the one who keeps the words of the prophecy of this Book.” (Revelation 22:7)

CATECHISM

INTRODUCTION TO THE LORD’S PRAYER

Our Father who art in heaven.

What does this mean?

With these words God tenderly invites us to believe that He is our true Father and that we are His true children, so that with all boldness and confidence we may ask Him as dear children ask their dear father.

11/28/18

BIBLE VERSE

“See, the virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and they shall call His Name Immanuel (which means, God with us).” (Matthew 1:23)

CATECHISM

FIRST PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

Hallowed by Thy Name.

What does this mean?

God’s Name is certainly holy in itself, but we pray in this petition that it may be kept holy among us also.

How is God’s Name kept holy? 

God’s Name is kept holy when the Word of God is taught in its truth and purity, and we, as the children of God, also lead holy lives according to it.  Help us to do this, dear Father in heaven!  But anyone who teaches or lives contrary to God’s Word profanes the Name of God among us.  Protect us from this, heavenly Father.

12/5/18

BIBLE VERSE

“The kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking but of righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.” (Romans 14:17)

CATECHISM

SECOND PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

Thy kingdom come.

What does this mean?

The kingdom of God certainly comes by itself without our prayer, but we pray in this petition that it may come to us also.

How does God’s kingdom come?  

God’s kingdom comes when our heavenly Father gives us His Holy Spirit, so that by His grace we believe His holy Word and lead godly lives here in time and there in eternity.

12/12/18

BIBLE VERSE

Jesus said: “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him Whom He has sent.” (John 6:29)

CATECHISM

THIRD PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

What does this mean?

The good and gracious will of God is done even without our prayer, but we pray this petition that it may be done among us also.

How is God’s will done? 

God’s will is done when He breaks and hinders every evil plan and purpose of the devil, the world, and our sinful nature, which do not want us to hallow God’s name or let His kingdom come; and when He strengthens and keeps us firm in His Word and faith until we die.  This is His good and gracious will.

1/9/19

BIBLE VERSE

“The eyes of all look to You, O Lord, and You give them their food at the proper time. You open Your hand; You satisfy the desire of every living thing.” (Psalm 145:15-16)

CATECHISM

FOURTH PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

Give us this day our daily bread.

What does this mean?

God certainly gives daily bread to everyone without our prayers, even to all evil people, but we pray in this petition that God would lead us to realize this and to receive our daily bread with thanksgiving.

What is meant by daily bread? 

Daily bread includes everything that has to do with the support and needs of the body, such as food, drink, clothing, shoes, house, home, land, animals, money, goods, a devout husband or wife, devout children, devout workers, devout and faithful rulers, good government, good weather, peace, health, self-control, good reputation, good friends, faithful neighbors, and the like.

1/16/19

BIBLE VERSE

“Be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you.” (Ephesians 4:32)

CATECHISM

FIFTH PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

And forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.

What does this mean?

We pray in this petition that our Father in heave would not look at our sins, or deny our prayer because of them.  We are neither worthy of the things for which we pray, nor have we deserved them, but we ask that He would give them all to us by His grace, for we daily sin much and surely deserve nothing but punishment.  So we too will we sincerely forgive and gladly do good to those who sin against us.

1/23/19

BIBLE VERSE

Since Christ Himself has suffered when tempted, He is able to help those who are being tempted. (Hebrews 2:18)

CATECHISM

SIXTH PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

And lead us not into temptation.

What does this mean?

God tempts no one.  We pray in this petition that God would guard and keep us so that the devil, the world and our sinful nature may not deceive us or mislead us into false belief, despair, and other great shame and vice.  Although we are attacked by these things, we pray that we may finally overcome them and win the victory.

1/30/19

The Lord will rescue me from every evil deed and bring me safely into His heavenly kingdom.  To Him be the glory forever and ever.  Amen. (2 Timothy 4:18)

CATECHISM

SEVENTH PETITION OF THE LORD’S PRAYER

But deliver us from evil.

What does this mean?

We pray in this petition, in summary, that our Father in heaven would rescue us from every evil of body and soul, possessions and reputation, and finally, when our last hour comes, give us a blessed end, and graciously take us from this valley of sorrow to Himself in heaven.

2/13/19

BIBLE VERSE

“Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?  We were buried therefore with Him by Baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.” (Romans 6:2-4)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY BAPTISM (PART 1 OF 4)

What is Baptism? 

Baptism is not just plain water, but it is the water included in God’s command and combined with God’s Word.

Which is that Word of God? 

Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Matthew: “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew 28:19)

2/20/19

BIBLE STUDY

“Baptism now saves you.” (1 Peter 3:21)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY BAPTISM (PART 2 OF 4)

What benefits does Baptism give? 

It works forgiveness of sins, rescues from death and the devil, and gives eternal salvation to all who believe this, as the words and promises of God declare.

Which are these words and promises of God? 

Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Mark: “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.” (Mark. 16:16)

2/27/19

BIBLE VERSE

“For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.” (Galatians 3:27)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY BAPTISM (PART 3 OF 4)

How can water do such great things?

Certainly not just water, but the Word of God in and with water does these things, along with the faith which trusts this Word of God in the water.  For without God’s Word the water is plain water and no Baptism.  But with the Word of God it is a Baptism, that is, a life-giving water, rich in grace, and a washing of the new birth in the Holy Spirit, as St. Paul says in Titus, chapter three: “He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that, having been justified by His grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life.  This is a trustworthy saying.” (Titus 3:5-8)

3/6/19

BIBLE VERSE

“Christ loved the Church and gave Himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the Word.” (Ephesians 5:25-26)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY BAPTISM (PART 4 OF 4)

What does such baptizing with water indicate? 

It indicates that the Old Adam in us should by daily contrition and repentance be drowned and die with all sins and evil desires, and that a new man should daily emerge and arise to live before God in righteousness and purity forever.

Where is this written? 

St. Paul writes in Romans chapter 6: “We were therefore buried with Him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.” (Romans 6:4)

3/20/19

BIBLE VERSE

“If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us.  If we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (1 John 1:8-9)

CATECHISM

CONFESSION AND ABSOLUTION

What is Confession? 

Confession has two parts.  First, that we confess our sins, and second, that we receive absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself, not doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are forgiven before God in heaven.

What sins should we confess? 

Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even those we are not aware of, as we do in the Lord’s Prayer; but before the pastor we should confess only those sins which we know and feel in our hearts.

3/27/19

BIBLE VERSE

“And [the new Christians] devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and the prayers.” (Acts 2:42)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF THE ALTAR

What is the Sacrament of the Altar? 

It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ under bread and wine, instituted by Christ Himself for us Christians to eat and to drink.

Where is that written?

The holy evangelists Matthew, Mark and Luke and St. Paul write: “Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and said: ‘Take, eat; this is My body, which is given for you.  Do this in remembrance of Me.’

In the same way He also took the cup after supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying: ‘Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.  Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.’”

What is the benefit of this eating and drinking? 

These words, “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins,” show us that in the Sacrament forgiveness of sins, life and salvation are given to us through these words.  For, where there is forgiveness of sins, there is also life and salvation.

4/3/19


BIBLE VERSE

“The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ?  The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?” (1 Corinthians 10:16)

CATECHISM

THE SACRAMENT OF THE ALTAR

What is the benefit of this eating and drinking? 

These words, “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins,” show us that in the Sacrament forgiveness of sins, life and salvation are given to us through these words.  For, where there is forgiveness of sins, there is also life and salvation.

4/10/19

BIBLE VERSE

For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until He comes. (1 Corinthians 11:26)

CATECHISM

How can bodily eating and drinking do such great things? 

Certainly not just eating and drinking do these things, but the words written here: “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.”  These words, along with the bodily eating and drinking, are the main thing in the Sacrament.  Whoever believes these words has exactly what they say: “forgiveness of sins.”

4/17/19

BIBLE VERSE

“Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord.  Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup.  For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself.” (1 Corinthians 11:27-29) 

CATECHISM

Who receives this Sacrament worthily? 

Fasting and bodily preparation are certainly fine outward training.  But that person is truly and well prepared who has faith in these words: “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.”  But anyone who does not believe these words or doubts them is unworthy and unprepared, for the words, “for you” require all hearts to believe.

4) 462 Questions & Answers Regarding the Christian Faith

CATECHETICAL REVIEW 
(REV. A.H. LANGE; REVISED BY REV. J. MEYER)

THE SIX CHIEF PARTS OF THE SMALL CATECHISM
1. The Ten Commandments
2. The Creed
3. The Lord’s Prayer
4. The Sacrament of Holy Baptism
5. The Office of the Keys and Confession and Absolution 
6. The Sacrament of the Altar

INTRODUCTION 
1. What Book is the source of Christian doctrine (that is, our teaching and belief)?  The Bible, the Holy Scriptures.
2. What are the two parts of the Bible?  The Old and the New Testament.
3. By whom was the Old Testament written?  By the prophets.
4. By whom was the New Testament written?  By the apostles and evangelists.
5. Who gave them the thoughts and words which they wrote?  God.
6. Prove this by a Bible verse. “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.” (2 Timothy 3:16 NKJV)
7. Whose word, then, is the Bible?  God’s Word.
8. Therefore, what does Jesus say about Scripture? “The Scripture cannot be broken.” (John 10:35)
9. What else does Jesus say about God’s Word? “Your Word is Truth.” (John 17:17)
10. What, therefore, can the Bible not contain?  It cannot contain errors and falsehoods.
11. How then, are we to receive all the statements of this Book?  As divine truth. 
12. What two great bodies of doctrine does the Bible teach us?  The Law and the Gospel.
13. How did God give the Law at first?  He wrote it in man’s heart.
14. How did He, at a later time, repeat it?  He laid it down in Ten Commandments.
15. Through whom was it published?  Through Moses. (Exodus 19 and 20)

1. THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
16. What are the Ten Commandments?
1. You shall have no other gods.
2. You shall not misuse the Name of the Lord your God.
3. Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
4. Honor your father and your mother.  
5. You shall not murder.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or his maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. 

17. Which Commandments are called the First Table of the Law?  The first three.
18. What is the summary of the First Table?  “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.” (Matthew 22:37)
19. Which Commandments form the Second Table?  The last seven.
20. What is the summary of the Second Table?  “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Matthew. 22:39)
21. What, then, is the summary of all the Commandments?  Love.
22. In what sermon did Christ show the true meaning of the Law?  In the Sermon on the Mount. (Matthew 5-7)

23. What is the First Commandment?  You shall have no other gods.
24. What sin does God forbid in this Commandment?  Idolatry; that is, the worship of idols or false gods.
25. How many kinds of idolatry are there?  Two kinds, open and hidden.
26. When does a person practice open idolatry?  When he adores a creature as God.
27. When do we practice hidden idolatry?  When we fear, love, and trust in creatures as we should fear, love, and trust in God alone.
28. What follows from the fact that we should not have other gods before the Lord?  That we should have Him alone as our God.
29. What, then, is commanded of us in this Commandment?  That we should fear, love, and trust in God above all things.

30. What is the Second Commandment?  You shall not misuse the Name of the Lord your God.
31. What is the Name of God?  The Name of God is that by which He is known.
32. What should we not do with God’s Name?  We should not misuse it or take it in vain.
33. Therefore, what sins does God forbid?  Cursing, false swearing, using satanic arts (witchcraft), lying, or deceiving by His Name.
34. What does He command us to do?  We should call upon His Name in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks.
35. From what source must these good works flow?  From a heart that fears and loves God.

36. What is the Third Commandment?  Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.
37. What day of the week was kept holy by the Jews in the Old Testament?  The seventh day, Saturday, the Sabbath.
38. Why do we no longer observe this day?  Because God Himself has abolished it. (See Colossians 2:16, 17)
39. Why do we observe Sunday and other holidays?  In order to have time and opportunity for public worship. (See Acts 2:42; Hebrews 10:5)
40. What important things are done in public worship?  Bible reading, preaching, prayer, Baptism, the Lord’s Supper, confession and absolution.
41. What does God forbid in this Commandment?  We should not despise preaching and His Word.
42. What does He command us to do?  We should hold God’s Word sacred and gladly hear and learn it.
43. When do we hold it sacred?  When we receive it, not as the word of men, but as the Word of God.
44. How did Mary show that she gladly heard and learned the Word of God?  She sat at Jesus’ feet and listened to His Word. (See Luke 10:39, 41-42)

45. What is the Fourth Commandment?  Honor your father and your mother. 
46. Who is meant by “your father and your mother?”  All those who are placed over us in home, school, church and state. 
47. What does God forbid us to do with regard to our parents and superiors?  We should not despise them nor provoke them to anger.
48. What does He command us to do?  We should give them honor, serve and obey them, love and cherish them.

49. What is the Fifth Commandment?  You shall not murder.
50. What sins are forbidden by this Commandment?  Murder, abortion, euthanasia, suicide, bitter words, anger, hatred, enmity.
51. What is commanded of us?  We should help and support our neighbor in every physical need.
52. How should we at all times feel toward our neighbor?  We should be merciful, meek and forgiving.

53. What is the Sixth Commandment?  You shall not commit adultery.
54. Who has instituted marriage?  God Himself.
55. What is marriage?  The lifelong union of one man and one woman.
56. How is marriage entered into?  By rightful betrothal or engagement.
57. What sins are forbidden?  Divorce, fornication, unfaithfulness, impurity in deed, word, look, thought, and desire; sinful amusements.
58. What is commanded of all persons?  To lead a sexually pure and decent life in what we say and do.
59. What ought we do when evil desires arise in the heart?  We ought to quench or suppress them.
60. What are we to quench them with?  The Word of God and prayer.
61. By what other means are we to check evil desires?  By hard work and a godly lifestyle.
62. What is commanded of married persons especially?  That each should love and honor his spouse.

63. What is the Seventh Commandment?  You shall not steal.
64. What sins are forbidden in this Commandment?  Robbery, theft, fraud, any dishonest way of getting things, charging too much interest, envy, covetousness.
65. What is commanded?  We should help our neighbor to improve and protect his possessions and income.
66. What is the Eighth Commandment?  You shall not give false witness against your neighbor.
67. What is false witness?  Any testimony that is not true.
68. What, furthermore, is false witness?  Any testimony that flows from a false or deceitful heart.
69. What sins, then, are forbidden?  Lying to, lying about, betraying, slandering or defaming our neighbor.
70. What is commanded?  We should defend our neighbor, speak well of him, and explain everything in the kindest way.

71. What is the Ninth Commandment?  You shall not covet your neighbor’s house.
72. What is forbidden?  We should not scheme to get our neighbor’s inheritance or house, or get it in a way that only appears right.
73. What is commanded?  That we should help our neighbor and be of service to him in keeping his property.

74. What is the Tenth Commandment?  You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or his maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.
75. What is forbidden?  We should not estrange our neighbor’s wife from our neighbor, force or entice away from our neighbor his wife, workers or animals.
76. What is commanded?  We should urge them to stay and do their duty.
77. When God says “You shall not covet,” what does He remind us of particularly?  That mere evil desire is truly sin and deserves condemnation.  Therefore, we should have only holy desires in our hearts.

78. What does God threaten to do to all who break His Commandments?  He threatens to punish them.
79. What does He say of the soul that sins?  “The soul who sins shall die.” (Ezekiel 18:20)
80. What, then, is the wages of sin?  “The wages of sin is death.” (Romans 6:23)
81. What does God promise to all who keep His Commandments?  Grace and every blessing. (See Exodus 15:22-26)
82. Can anyone keep the Commandments of God perfectly?  No.
83. Who cannot keep the Law at all?  Natural man. (See Romans 8:7)  
84. Who can keep it, though imperfectly?  Believers in Jesus; that is, the children of God.
85. What Bible verse declares all men to be sinners?  “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23)  
86. Is there any hope, then, of being saved by the Law?  Not at all.
87. By what Scripture passage do you prove this?  “By works of the Law no one will be justified.” (Galatians 2:16)
88. Is the Law nevertheless of some benefit to mankind?  It is.
89. What purposes does it serve?  It serves as a curb, a mirror and a rule.
90. How does it act as a curb?  It helps to control violent outburst (stops evil) and keeps order in the world.
91. How does it serve as a mirror?  “Through the Law comes knowledge of sin.” (Romans 3:20)
92. How does it serve as a guide?  It teaches good works.
93. What is it to break the Law of God?  Sin.
94. Who brought sin into the world?  The devil and man. (See Genesis 3)
95. How many kinds of sin are there?  Two kinds: original and actual.
96. What is original sin?  The corrupt condition of man’s nature.
97. From how far back is man’s heart evil?  “The intention of man’s heart is evil from his youth.” (Genesis 8:21)
98. How did we get this evil nature?  We have inherited it.
99. What is actual sin?  Every sinful act a person commits.
100. Mention some evil acts.  “Evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.” (Matthew 15:19)
101. How are we made free from sin?  By faith in Jesus Christ. (See John 8:31-36; Romans 10:4; Luke 17:11-19)
102. From what part of the Christian doctrine do we learn this?  From the Creed.

2. THE CREED
103. How many articles form the Creed?  Three.
104. How do they read?
1. I believe in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.
2. [I believe] in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried.  He descended into hell.  The third day He rose again from the dead.  He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty.  From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.
3. I believe in the Holy Spirit; the holy Christian Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting.  Amen.

THE FIRST ARTICLE
105. Who is God?  God is spirit.  He is eternal, unchangeable, almighty, all-knowing, present everywhere, holy, just, faithful, good (kind), merciful, and gracious.  God is love. (See 1 John 4:8)
106. Who is the only true God?  The Triune God.
107. Why is He called the Triune God?  Because there are three Persons in one divine Being in the Godhead.
108. How may this be expressed in another way?  There is a Trinity in Unity.
109. What are the names of the three Persons?  Father, Son and Holy Spirit.
110. From what word of Christ do we learn this?  “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew 28:19)
111. Why is God called “Father Almighty”?  Because He is the Maker and Preserver of all things.
112. What was made by the word of the Lord?  Heaven and earth. (See Genesis 1)
113. Therefore, what do you believe about yourself?  God has made me.
114. What essential parts did He give you?  My body and soul.
115. What does He still do for you?  He preserves or keeps me. (See Psalm 104)
116. What does He give you for your preservation?  Clothing and shoes, food and drink, and many other things.
117. From what does He guard and protect you?  From all evil.  (See Psalm 91)
118. What prompts Him to do all this for you?  His goodness and mercy. (See Psalm 34; 145)
119. What, then, is your duty toward Him?  To thank and praise, serve and obey Him. (See Psalm 107; Deuteronomy 8)
120. How may all creatures be classified?  As visible and invisible.
121. Which are the foremost among the invisible creatures?  The angels.
122. How many kinds of angels are there?  Two kinds, good and evil.
123. What is the office of the good angels?  They praise God, carry out His commands, and serve mankind. (See Acts 12)
124. What is the work of the evil angels?  They oppose God and seek to destroy man. (See 1 Peter 5:8, 9)
125. Who is foremost among the visible creatures?  Man.
126. In whose image was man made?  In God’s image.
127. In what respect was he like God?  He was holy and righteous. (See Ephesians 4:24)
128. Do we still bear the image of God?  No.
129. When was it lost?  When man fell into sin. (See Genesis 5:3)
130. In whom is its renewal begun?  In believers.
131. When will it be fully restored?  In eternal life. (See 1 John 3:2)
132. For Whose sake does God renew His image in us?  For Jesus’ sake.

THE SECOND ARTICLE
133. Which Article of the Creed confesses Jesus Christ?  The Second Article.
134. What is the meaning of the Name “Jesus?”  Savior.
135. What is the meaning of the Name “Christ?”  The Anointed One, Messiah.
136. Who is Jesus Christ?  The Son of God: true God and true man.
137. What two natures, then, are there in Christ?  The divine and the human nature.
138. For what purpose did the Son of God assume the human nature?  For the redemption of the world. (See Matthew 18:11; Galatians 4:4, 5; Hebrews 2:14, 15)
139. How is the office of Christ made known?  In a threefold way: that of a Prophet (See John 4), a Priest (See Hebrews 7-10), and a King. (See Psalm 2; Psalm 72)
140.    What two states of Christ do we distinguish? His State of Humiliation and His State of Exaltation. (See Philippians 2:5-11)
141. According to which state did He humble Himself?  His State of Humiliation, by being found in the flesh as a man.
142. Explain in what way He humbled Himself.  He did not always make full and uninterrupted use of the divine majesty communicated to His human nature.
143. Which words of the Second Article describe the State of Humiliation?  “Conceived by the Holy Spirit” (See Matthew 1:18-25); “Born of the Virgin Mary” (See Luke 2:1-20); “Suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried.” (See Luke 22:23)
144. What words of the Second Article describe the State of Exaltation?
“He descended into hell” (See 1 Peter 3:18-19; Colossians 2:15); “The third day He rose again from the dead” (See Luke 24; 1 Corinthians 15:1-20); “He ascended into heaven” (See Acts 1:1-12); “And sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty;” (See Psalm 110; Hebrews 1) “From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.” (See Matthew 25:31-46; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-12)
145. For whom did Christ do all this?  For me and every other sinner. (See John 1:29)
146. From what evils has He redeemed you?  From all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil.
147. What did He do with your sins in order to free you from them?  He took them upon Himself. (See Isaiah 53)
148. What did He do to save you from death?  He died in my place. (See John 10:15)
149. How did He deliver you from the power of the devil?  He conquered the devil and broke his power. (See 1 John 3:8)
150. What ransom did Christ pay for your redemption?  His holy, precious blood.
151. What is the power of the blood of Christ?  “The blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin.” (1 John 1:7)
152. Why has Christ redeemed you?  That I may be His own.
153. What does this mean?  That I may be His subject, His servant, His child.
154. Having become His very own, where are you to live?  In His kingdom.
155. What kind of kingdom is this?  Not a worldly, but a spiritual kingdom.
156. What are you to do in His kingdom?  I am to serve Him.
157. What did Christ do on the third day in order to seal His work to us?  He rose again from the dead.
158. What if Christ had not been raised?  “If Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.” (1 Corinthians 15:17)
159. Why, then, do we rejoice in His resurrection?  Because He was raised again for our justification. (See Romans 4:25)
160. What is He doing since His resurrection?  He lives and reigns.
161. What does His life mean to us?  Because He lives, we will live also. (See John 14:19)
162. What does His reign, or rule, mean to us?  He governs and protects us. (See Ephesians 1:20-23)
163. How long does He live and reign?  For all eternity.
164. What kind of news have you learned from the Second Article?  Good news.
165. What does the Bible call this good news?  The Gospel.
166. What Bible verse is a brief summary of the Gospel?  “God so loved the world that He gave His only-begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16)

THE THIRD ARTICLE 
167. Whose work does the Third Article of the Creed consider?  The work of the Holy Spirit. (See Acts 2)
168. Who is the Holy Spirit?  The Third Person in the Holy Trinity.
169. What is He together with the Father and the Son?  He is true God.
170. Why is He called holy?  Because He Himself is holy and because He makes us holy.
171. What Bible verse shows the importance of His work?  “No one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’ except by the Holy Spirit.” (1 Corinthians 12:3)
172. What can you not do by your own reason or strength?  I cannot believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him.
173. Why is this impossible?  Because by nature I am spiritually blind and dead and an enemy of God.
174. What does the Bible say about the natural state of man?  “You were dead in trespasses and sins.” (Ephesians 2:1)
175. Who was it, however, that enlightened you in the faith and brought you to Christ?  The Holy Spirit.
176. How did He do this?  He called me by the Gospel. (See Luke 14:16-24)
177. What did He work in you by such a call?  He enlightened me with His gifts.
178. What does this mean? He led me to know Jesus as my Savior.
179. How does this knowledge affect your heart and mind?  I believe and trust, rejoice and take comfort in Him.
180. What further change has the Holy Spirit worked in you?  He has sanctified me.
181. What does this mean?  He has renewed my heart.
182. What new power has He given you?  The power to fight against sin.
183. What new desire has He created in you?  A desire to be fruitful in good works. (See John 15:1-17)
184. What else has the Holy Spirit done for you?  He has kept me in the true faith.
185. Restate the four things that He has done for you.  He has called, enlightened, sanctified, and kept me.
186. Has He worked all this in you alone?  No.
187. Who else has been blessed in this way?  All believers in Christ.
188. What do we call all believers when we think of them as one body?  The Christian Church, the communion of saints. (See Ephesians 1-5)
189. What, then, do we mean by the Church?  The whole number of those who have been sanctified (set apart as holy; Holy Church). (See Ephesians 5:25-27) 
190. By what other names is the Church known?  The household of God, the temple of God, the body of Christ. (One holy, Christian and Apostolic Church)
191. Who is the firm foundation of the Church?  Christ Himself (Christian Church). (See 1 Corinthians 3:11; Matthew 16:18) 
192. How does one become a member of the Church?  By faith in Christ. (Invisible Church)
193. What is the office of the Holy Spirit in regard to the Church?  He calls, gathers, enlightens, sanctifies, and keeps it.
194. By what means does He do all this?  By the Gospel. (Missionary work)
195. What daily blessing do you enjoy as a member of the Church?  The forgiveness of sins. (See Psalm 103; Psalm 130; Jeremiah 31:31-34)
196. What prompts God to forgive your sins?  His grace. (See Ephesians 1:7)
197. For whose sake does He forgive them?  For Christ’s sake.
198. Why for Christ’s sake?  Because He has made full atonement (payment) for our sins.
199. Who does God grant forgiveness of sins to?  To me and all believers.
200. How many sins does He forgive you?  All of them.
201. How does God deal with the sinner whose sins He forgives?  He justifies him.
202. What does this mean?  He declares him righteous.
203. Whose righteousness does He give him?  The righteousness of Christ.
204. How does the sinner have the righteousness of Christ as his very own?  By faith in Christ.
205. How, then, is a man justified before God?  “We hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law.” (Roman 3:28)
206. What is the importance of the article of justification?  This article distinguishes the Christian Church from all false religions.
207. To whom alone does this article give all glory?  To God alone.
208. What kind of comfort does this article give to poor sinners?  True and lasting comfort.
209. What has God promised to do with your body on the Last Day?  To raise it from the dead at the final resurrection. (See 1 Corinthians 15:12-58)
210. How will your body compare with Christ’s body?  It will be like His glorious body.
211. Will the unbelievers also be raised?  Yes, all the dead. (See John 5:28-29)
212. What, however, will be the fate of the unbelievers?  They will be cast into hell.
213. What is hell?  A place of everlasting shame and torment. (See Luke 16:19-31)

214. What will God give to the believers?  Eternal life. (See John 3:16)
215. What is eternal life?  A state of everlasting joy and glory in heaven. (See Psalm 16:11; Romans 8:18; Hebrews 4:1-11; Revelation 7:9-17; Revelation 21)
216. Does God earnestly desire to save all men?  He does. (See 1 Timothy 2:4)
217. Why is it that many are not saved?  They always resist the Holy Spirit.
218. Who, then, is to blame for their damnation?  They themselves.
219. To what do those who are saved owe their salvation?  To the grace of God. (See Ephesians 2:8-9)
220. What, then, are we to do who have been saved?  We are to praise Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

3. THE LORD’S PRAYER/PRAYER IN GENERAL
(See Genesis 18:17-23; Genesis 19:20; Luke 11:1-13; Luke 18:1-17)
221. What is prayer?  An act of worship.
222. What should move us to pray?  God’s command, God’s promise and our need.
223. What Scripture passage contains a statement of these three things?  “Call upon Me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify Me.” (Psalm 50:15)
224. To Whom should we pray?  Only to the true God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. (See Matthew 4:10)
225. What should we ask of God in our prayers?  Spiritual and temporal blessings.
226. How should we pray?  In the Name of Jesus and with firm confidence. (See John 16:23)
227. For whom should we pray?  For all people. (See 1 Timothy 2:1)
228. Where should we pray?  Everywhere, especially in our homes and in public worship. (See 1 Timothy 2:8; Matthew 6:6; Psalm 26:12)
229. When should we pray?  At all times, and especially in times of trouble.
230. Which of all prayers is the model prayer?  The Lord’s Prayer.
231. How does the Lord’s Prayer read? 
Our Father who art in heaven; Hallowed be Thy name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven; Give us this day our daily bread; And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us; And lead us not into temptation; But deliver us from evil; For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever.  Amen.
232. How does the Address, or Introduction, read?  Our Father who art in heaven.
233. What do we call God in this prayer?  We call Him our Father.
234. How did we become His children?  Through faith in Christ.
235. How ought we to pray since God is our Father?  With all boldness and confidence.
236. By what example can you illustrate this?  By the example of dear children.
237. How do they ask their dear father?  Without fear and doubt.
238. What is the First Petition?  Hallowed be Thy name. (See Jeremiah 23)
239. What is to be hallowed?  The Name of our heavenly Father.
240. What does it mean to hallow God’s Name?  To keep it sacred, or holy.
241. According to what standard are we to keep it holy?  According to the Word of God.
242. How, then, must we teach His Word?  In its truth and purity.
243. And what kind of life must we lead according to it?  A holy life. (See Matthew 5:16)
244. Therefore, what do we ask God to grant us?  Pure doctrine and holy life.
245. Who, on the contrary, profanes the Name of God?  He that teaches contrary to what God’s Word teaches.
246. Who also profanes His name?  He that lives contrary to what God’s Word teaches.
247. Therefore, from what do we ask God to preserve us?  From false doctrine and ungodly life.

248. What is the Second Petition?  Thy kingdom come. (See Acts 1:3)
249. What is the kingdom of God? His gracious reign or rule. (See Romans 14:17)
250. Through Whose mighty working does the kingdom of God come to us?  Through the working of the Holy Spirit.
251. What does He do to make it come?  He brings us to believe His holy Word.
252. What else does He help us to do?  To lead a godly life.
253. What is the name of that kingdom in which we live at present?  The Kingdom of Grace. (See Romans 5:21)
254. In which kingdom do we desire to live hereafter?  In the Kingdom of Glory.

255. What is the Third Petition?  Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. (See Matthew 26:36-46; John 17)
256. What do we pray in regard to the will of God?  That it may be done among us.
257. Whose will is opposed to God’s will?  The will of the devil, the world and our flesh. (See 1 Peter 5:8; 1 John 2:15-17)
258. Explain how the devil, the world and our flesh set themselves against the will of God.  They will not let us hallow God’s Name nor let His kingdom come.
259. Therefore, what is the nature of their counsel and will?  It is an evil counsel and will.
260. What do we pray God to do with their will?  To break and hinder it.
261. What, on the other hand, do we ask God to do for us?  To strengthen and preserve us in His Word and faith.
262. Is He willing to do this?  He is. (See Philippians 1:6)
263. What, then, is the nature of His will?  It is a good and gracious will.

264. What is the Fourth Petition?  Give us this day our daily bread. (See 1 Kings 17)
265. What is meant by daily bread?  Every earthly gift that we need for the present time.
266. To whom does God give daily bread?  To evil as well as to godly people. (See Matthew 5:45)
267. But what do we here pray for Him to do?  To lead us to know it.
268. What is meant by knowing the bread?  Recognizing it as a gift of God.
269. What will such knowledge lead us to do?  To receive our daily bread with thanksgiving.

270. What is the Fifth Petition?  And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. (See Matthew 18:21-35)
271. What do we mean by saying, “Forgive us our trespasses?”  Do not look upon our sins.
272. If God were to hold our sins against us, what should we have to fear concerning our prayer?  That it would be denied.
273. Why?  Because we are worthy of none of the things for which we pray.  Nor have we deserved them.
274. What, therefore, is our only plea?  That God would grant them all to us by grace.
275. Why by grace?  Because we daily sin much and indeed deserve nothing but punishment.
276. What do we promise to do when God has forgiven our sins?  To forgive those who sin against us.
277. How ought we to forgive?  Heartily, or from the heart.
278. How are we to assure our neighbor of our forgiveness?  By doing good to him.

279. What is the Sixth Petition?  And lead us not into temptation. (See Genesis 3; Matthew 4:1-11)
280. By whom are we tempted to evil?  By the devil, the world and our flesh.
281. What are they trying to do?  To deceive and seduce us.
282. Into what sins would they lead us?  Into unbelief, despair and other great shame and vice.
283. Upon Whom do we call for aid against such temptations?  Upon God.
284. What do we ask Him to do?  To guard and keep us.
285. For what purpose?  That we may finally overcome and obtain the victory.

286. What is the Seventh Petition?  But deliver us from evil. (See Psalm 42)
287. What forms of evil are there?  Evils of the body and soul, of property and honor. 
288. What do we pray God to do?  To deliver us from evil.
289. What do we ask Him to grant us finally?  A blessed end.
290. What is a blessed end?  Dying in the Lord. (See Luke 2:25-32)
291. Where will those be taken who die in the Lord?  To Himself in heaven.
292. What shall they then not remember anymore?  This vale of tears.

293. How does the Doxology read?  For Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever and ever.
294. What does this mean?  Our heavenly Father reigns in heaven; He can answer our prayer; He is to be praised.
295. What is the closing word?  Amen.
296. What is the meaning of this word?  Yes, yes, it shall be so.
297. Why do we believe that these petitions are acceptable to God?  Because He Himself has commanded us to pray this way.
298. Why are you sure that they are heard and answered?  Because He Himself has promised to hear us.
299. How does His promise read?  “Truly, truly, I say to you, whatever you ask of the Father in My Name, He will give it to you.” (John 16:23)

4. THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY BAPTISM
300. Let us define a Sacrament.  What kind of act is it?  A sacred act ordained by God.
301. What kind of means, or element, is used in a Sacrament?  An external or visible means. (Water, bread, wine)
302. What is connected with the external means?  God’s Word. (The Word comes to the element, and it becomes a Sacrament.)
303. What is offered and sealed to us through a Sacrament?  The gifts of God’s grace; the benefits of Christ.
304. How many Sacraments are there?  Two: Holy Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.
FIRST, THE NATURE OF BAPTISM
305. How do the words of institution read?  Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Matthew: “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” (Matthew 28:19-20)
306. Who has instituted Baptism?  Christ our Lord.
307. To whom does He say, “Go?”  To His Church.
308. What charge has He given to His Church?  To teach all nations; that is, to make disciples of all nations.
309. How is the Church to make disciples of all nations?  By baptizing and teaching them.
310. Whom is she to baptize and to teach?  All nations; that is, all human beings, young and old.
311. What external means is to be used in Baptism?  Water. (See Acts 8:26-38)
312. How is the water to be applied?  By washing, pouring, sprinkling or immersion. (See Matthew 3:11; Mark 7:4; Luke 11:38; Hebrews 9:10)
313. What words must be spoken when the water is applied?  “I baptize you in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”
314. Whose Name and Word, then, is connected with the water?  God’s Name and Word.
315. What is it to be baptized in God’s Name?  It is to be baptized by God Himself.

SECONDLY, THE BENEFIT OF BAPTISM
316. What does Baptism work?  Forgiveness of sins. (See Acts 2:38; Acts 22:16; Galatians 3:26-27)
317. From what does it deliver?  From death and the devil.
318. What does it give?  Eternal salvation.
319. To whom does it give all this?  To all who believe this.
320. From what source do we learn about these great things?  From the words and promises of God.
321. What is one such word and promise of God?  Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Mark: “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.” (Mark 16:16)
322. What is promised to him who believes and is baptized?  Salvation.
323. Does everyone that is baptized receive this blessing?  No.  Only the one who believes.
324. How does the effect of Baptism continue all through life?  It always assures us of God’s covenant.
325. What does the Lord say of the firmness of His covenant?  “My covenant of peace shall not be removed.” (Isaiah 54:10)  

THIRDLY, THE POWER OF BAPTISM
326. How can water do such great things?  It is not the water that does them. (See Numbers 21:5-9)
327. What is it that does them?  The Word of God which is in and with the water.
328. How does the Word of God do them?  His Word, like a hand, places these great things into Baptism.
329. And what does faith do here?  It trusts the Word of God.
330. What does this mean?  Faith, like a hand, takes, or accepts, these great things.
331. What does St. Paul, in the third chapter of Titus, write about the power of Baptism?  “God saved us by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit.” (Titus 3:5)
332. What is Baptism therefore properly called?  A means of grace.
333. How do the Calvinist Reformed churches regard Baptism?  Merely as a sign or profession.

FOURTHLY, THE SIGNIFICANCE OF BAPTISM
334. What does Baptism signify?  The drowning of the old man and the coming forth of the new man.
335. How were we, by Baptism, united with the death and resurrection of Christ? We died with Him and rose with Him.
336. Unto what did we die with Him?  Unto sin.
337. Unto what did we rise with Him?  Unto newness of life.
338. What must sin therefore not be allowed to do?  To rule over us.
339. To Whom should we devote every member of the body?  To God. (See Romans 6:12-13)
340. Of what vow does this remind us?  Our baptismal vow.
341. Whom did we renounce in Holy Baptism?  Satan and his allies.
342. Whom only did we promise to serve?  The true God.
343. When do we solemnly renew our baptismal vow?  At our confirmation.

INFANT BAPTISM
344. Why do we baptize infants as well as adults?  Because they are included in “all nations.”
345. Give another reason for baptizing infants.  They need the benefit of Baptism.
346. How is this benefit to be received?  By faith in Christ.
347. Can the Lord work faith in the hearts of infants?  He can.
348. How do we know this?  Christ Himself says that these little ones believe in Him. (See Matthew 18:1-6)
349. What kind of sponsors ought we to choose for children?  Those who are of our own faith.
350. Why?  Because they are to assist in caring for the Christian education of the children.

V. THE OFFICE OF THE KEYS AND CONFESSION AND ABSOLUTION
A. THE OFFICE OF THE KEYS

351. What is the Office of the Keys?  It is the exclusive church power which Christ has given to His Church on earth.
352. What does the holy evangelist John write about the Office of the Keys?  “The Lord Jesus breathed on them and said to them, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit.  If you forgive the sins of anyone, they are forgiven; if you withhold forgiveness from anyone, it is withheld.’” (John 20:22-23)
353. Who has instituted the Office of the Keys?  The Lord Jesus.
354. To whom has He given this office?  To His Church.
355. What does He call the keys which He has given to His Church?  “The keys of the kingdom of heaven.” (Matthew 16:19)
356. How is the Church to open the kingdom of heaven?  By forgiving sins.
357. Whose sins are to be forgiven?  The sins of penitent sinners.
358. Who are penitent sinners?  Those who are sorry for their sins and believe in Jesus Christ.
359. Mention some penitent sinners from Bible history.  The tax collector (See Luke 18:13); the prodigal son (See Luke 15:11-24); Peter (See Matthew 26:75)
360. Whose sins, on the other hand, are to be retained?  The sins of the impenitent.
361. Who are impenitent sinners? Those who are not sorry for their sins and have no faith.
362. How long are their sins to be retained?  As long as they do not repent.
363. According to Whose command must we deal with sinners this way?  According to Christ’s command.
364. What has He commanded to do with the sinner who refuses to hear the Church?  To treat him as an unbeliever and a tax collector. (See Matthew 18:15-17; 1 Corinthians 5)
365. What is the Church to do with a sinner who is penitent?  To receive him as a brother. (See 2 Corinthians 2)

B. CONFESSION AND ABSOLUTION
(See Psalm 32; Psalm 51)
366. How many parts does confession embrace?  Two parts.
367. What is the first part?  We confess our sins.
368. What is the second part?  We receive absolution or forgiveness.
369. What are the words of the General Confession?  
O almighty God, merciful Father, I, a poor, miserable sinner, confess unto You all my sins and iniquities with which I have ever offended You and justly deserved Your temporal and eternal punishment.  But I am heartily sorry for them and sincerely repent of them, and I pray You of Your boundless mercy and for the sake of the holy, innocent, bitter sufferings and death of Your beloved Son, Jesus Christ, to be gracious and merciful to me, a poor sinful being.
370. In what service do we use this confession?  In the preparatory, or confessional service.
371. In Whose Name does the minister forgive our sins?  In the Name of God.
372. How are we to regard the forgiveness which we receive from the confessor, or minister?  As if we received it from God Himself. (See John 20:23)
373. How many sins should we plead guilty of before God?  All sins. (See 1 John 1:8-9; Proverbs 28:13)
374. Does that include even those sins which we do not know?  It does. (See Psalm 19:12)
375. What does our Church teach about confession before the confessor, or pastor?  No one should be forced to private confession, but it is of great benefit to a burdened conscience. (See Matthew 9:2; 2 Samuel 12)
376. What does the Bible say about confessing our faults to the neighbor whom we have offended and grieved?  “Confess your sins to one another.” (James 5:16)  “Be reconciled to your brother." (Matthew 5:24)
377. According to what rule should we examine ourselves before confession?  According to the divine law or the Ten Commandments.

VI. THE SACRAMENT OF THE ALTAR
(See 1 Corinthians 11:23-34)
FIRST, THE NATURE OF THIS SACRAMENT
378. Why is it called the Sacrament of the Altar?  Because it is given and received at the altar.
379. By what other names is it known?  Holy Communion, the Lord’s Supper, the Eucharist, the Lord’s Table.
380. Which Evangelists and which Apostle have written about this Sacrament?  St. Matthew (See 26:26-29), St. Mark (See 14:22-24), St. Luke (See 22:19-20), and St. Paul (See 1 Cor. 11:23-34).
381. How do the words of institution read?  
Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread; and when He had given thanks, He broke it and gave it to His disciples, saying, “Take, eat; this is My body, which is given for you.  This do in remembrance of Me.”  In the same way also after supper He took the cup, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, “Take, drink, this cup is the new testament in My blood, which is shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.  This do, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”
382. Who has ordained and instituted this Sacrament?  Our Lord Jesus Christ.
383. On what night did He institute it?  “The same night in which He was betrayed.” (See 1 Corinthians 11:23)
384. What feast had He celebrated on that evening with His disciples?  The Passover. (See Exodus 12)
385. Of Whom was the paschal (Passover) lamb a type?  Of Christ the Lamb of God.
386. What Sacrament was therefore to take the place of the Passover?  The Lord’s Supper.
387. What did the Lord take and bless?  Bread, prepared of flour, and wine, of the fruit of the vine. (See Matthew 26:29)
388. To whom did He give the bread and the wine?  To His disciples.
389. What did He say when He gave the bread?  “Take, eat; this is My body.” (Matthew 26:26)
390. What did He say when He gave the wine?  “Take, drink; this is My blood.” (Mark 14:24)
391. What, then, did He give His disciples together with the bread and the wine.?  His body and blood.
392: What kind of body does Christ give us in the Sacrament?  His true body.
393. How do you know this?  He says, “This is My body, which is given for you.” (Luke 22:19)
394. What kind of blood does He give us?  His true blood.
395. How do you prove this?  He says, “This is My blood, which is shed for you.” (Luke 22:20)
396. With which words does Paul declare that the body of Christ is united with the bread?  “The bread that we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ?” (1 Corinthians 10:16)
397. What does he likewise say of the cup and the blood of Christ?  “The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ?” (1 Corinthians 10:16)
398. What does the word “communion” mean?  Fellowship, or the act of being together.
399. How do the Calvinist Reformed churches deny such communion?  By saying that the bread and wine merely represent or symbolize Christ’s body and blood.
400. How can we prove that the words “This is My body” cannot mean “This represents My body?”  They are the words of a divine testament.
401. What kind of speech is never used in a will or testament?  Figurative speech.
402. How, then, must we take the words of a testament?  In their proper sense.
403. What does the Roman Catholic Church teach concerning the bread and wine in the Sacrament?  That they are changed into the body and blood of Christ.
404. Why can’t this be true?  Because the Bible teaches that the bread and wine are the communion of the body and blood of Christ.
405. For what use does Christ give us His body and blood under the bread and wine?  To eat and to drink.
406. How many communicants are to eat and to drink?  All of them. (See Mark 14:23)
407. When only is the Lord’s Supper properly celebrated?  When it is administered according to Christ’s institution.
408. What is the meaning of the words, “This do in remembrance of Me?”  Proclaim and remember My death.
409. How long is Christ’s death to be proclaimed and remembered by this Sacrament?  Until He returns in Judgment.
410. What is meant by the words “As often as you drink it?”  That we should receive the Lord’s Supper frequently.
411. What should induce us to receive the Lord’s Supper often?  Christ’s command, Christ’s promise and our need.

SECOND, THE BENEFIT OF THE LORD'S SUPPER
412. With what words does Christ show us the benefit of such eating and drinking?  With the words, “Given and shed for you for the remission of sins.”
413. What was given for us?  Christ’s body.
414. What was shed for us?  His blood.
415. What benefit does the Lord’s Supper give?  It gives the forgiveness of sins, life and salvation.
416. How does Christ offer these blessings to us?  Through these words in the Sacrament.
417. And what seal does He attach to these words?  His body and blood.
418. What effect does this have on our faith?  It strengthens our faith.  (See Genesis 45:25-28)
419. If faith is strengthened, what will be increased accordingly?  Our hope and love.
420. Why, then, do you wish to go to the Sacrament?  That I may be strengthened in faith, hope and love.

THIRD, THE POWER OF THE LORD’S SUPPER
421. How can bodily eating and drinking do such great things?  It is not the eating and drinking that does them.
422. What is it that does them?  The words “Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins.”
423. What is the importance of these words besides the bodily eating and drinking? They are the chief thing in the Sacrament.
424. Why?  Because by them forgiveness is offered in the Holy Supper.
425. Who receives and enjoys what these words say and express?  The one who believes them.

FOURTH, THE SALUTARY (RIGHT, PROPER) USE OF THE LORD’S SUPPER
426. Why do we go to the Lord’s Supper? So that God would forgive us our sins in the Sacrament and strengthen our faith so that we lead godly lives.
427. Who, then, worthily receives the Sacrament?  He who has faith in these words, “Given and shed for you for the remission of sins,” and who agrees with the faith confessed in the Church in which he communes.
428. Is one who is weak in the faith also worthy and well prepared?  Yes indeed.
429. Why should such a person especially come to the Lord’s Table?  That his weak faith may grow stronger.
430. To what is the weak in faith compared?  To a bruised reed and a faintly burning wick. (See Isaiah 42:3)
431. How does the Lord treat the bruised reed?  He does not break it but strengthens it.
432. What does He do with the faintly burning wick?  He does not snuff it out, but kindles it into a flame.
433. Who, however, is unworthy or unprepared?  He who does not believe these words or doubts them.
434. What is the danger of communing unworthily?  A person who communes unworthily does so to his own spiritual judgment.
435. Why is this person unworthy or unprepared?  Because the words “For you” require all hearts to believe.
436. What sin does a person commit by disbelieving these words?  He rejects the blessing that is contained in them.
437. What, therefore, must a person do before communing?  “Let a person examine himself.” (1 Corinthians 11:28)
438. How many searching questions must he examine himself with?  Three.
439. What is the first question?  Do I truly repent of my sins?
440. What is the second question?  Do I believe in Jesus Christ?
441. What is the third question?  Do I intend to amend my sinful life?
442. What does Paul say of the man who has examined himself this way? “So let him eat of that bread and drink of that cup.” (1 Corinthians 11:28)
443. To whom must the Lord’s Supper be denied?  To those who cannot or will not examine themselves. (See 1 Corinthians 11:28; Matthew 5:23-24; 2 Timothy 2:19; Matthew 7:6; Acts 2:42)
444. What is Closed Communion?  It is the Biblical doctrine and practice of communing only those whom we are in complete doctrinal agreement and Church fellowship with. 

445. What does Peter call the chief parts of Christian doctrine?  The pure spiritual milk of the Word. (See 1 Peter 2:2)
446. For what purpose should we desire the milk of the Word?  That we may grow up in respect to salvation. 
447. How do we grow spiritually?  As we increase in faith, hope and love.
448. What does Peter refer to by the word “pure?”  The purity of the Word.
449. What is the main teaching of the Lutheran Reformation?  We are saved by God’s grace alone, through faith alone in Jesus Christ, as found in Holy Scripture alone, apart from the works of the law.  To God alone be the glory!
450. What is the Church?  Holy believers and sheep who hear the voice of their Good Shepherd, Jesus Christ.
451. To what Church ought we, therefore, always belong to?  The Church of the pure Word and confession. (See John 8:31-32)
452. What are the three Means of Grace, or the three means by which God promises to forgive us our sins and save us?  The Holy Word of God, Holy Baptism and Holy Communion.
453. Why is Church attendance important?  It is in the Church where God’s Means of Grace are proclaimed and administered, and where Christ has promised to be present.
454. How often should we attend the Divine Worship Service?  We should want to hear the Word of God proclaimed and receive the Lord’s Supper as often as they are offered.
455. What occurs in Divine Worship?  God pours out His forgiveness of sins upon us through His Means of Grace, and we thank and praise Him for His love for us.
456. Why are Sunday school and Bible study important?  Learning God’s Word strengthens our faith in Jesus Christ.
457. What is Christian stewardship?  It is the Biblical practice of giving back to God the first-fruits of our time, talents and treasures (offering).
458. Who are we in Church fellowship with?  All Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod congregations and any other Church body that we are in altar and pulpit fellowship with.
459. What churches must we avoid?  All those that teach false doctrines. (See Matthew 7:15; 1 John 4:1; Romans 16:17)
460. From what societies, also, must we keep away?  From all those that teach a Christ-less religion. (See John 14:6; Galatians 5:4; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18)
461. With what words does Christ admonish us to be faithful to Him?  “Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life.” (Revelation 2:10)
462. What, then, must be our firm resolve?  “Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful.” (Hebrews 10:23)

5) 116 Questions & Answers for the Questioning of 8th Grade Confirmands 

1)   Question: What Book is the only source of Christian Doctrine, or our teaching and belief?  Answer: The Bible.

2)  Q: What is the Bible?  A: It is the inerrant Word of God, incapable of being wrong.

3)   Q: What are the two parts of the Bible?  A: The Old Testament and the New Testament.

4)   Q: Who gave the Biblical writers the thoughts and words which they wrote?  A: God.

5)   Q: Prove this by a Bible verse.  A: “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.” (2 Timothy 3:16)

6)   Q: Whose Word, then, is the Bible?  A: God’s Word.

7)   Q: Therefore, what does Jesus say about Scripture? A: “The Scripture cannot be broken.” (John 10:35)

8)   Q: What else does Jesus say about God’s Word? A: “Your Word is Truth.” (John 17:17)

9)   Q: What, therefore, can the Bible not contain?  A: It cannot contain errors or falsehoods.

10) Q: How, then, are we to receive all the statements of the Bible?  A: As Divine Truth.

11) Q: What two great bodies of doctrine does the Bible teach us?  A: Law and Gospel.

12) Q: What does the Law teach?  A: The law reveals our sins, makes us repentant, and teaches us how to lead a God-pleasing life.

13) Q: What does the Gospel teach?  A: The Gospel teaches that God has eternally saved us through the death and resurrection of His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord.

14) Q: What does the First Table of the Law (Commandments 1-3) deal with?  A: Our relationship with God.

15) Q: What does the Second Table of the Law ((Commandments 4-10) deal with?  A: Our relationship with each other.

16) Q: What is the First Commandment?  A: Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.

17) Q: What sin does God forbid in this Commandment?  A: Idolatry, or the worship of idols, or false gods.

18) Q: What, then, are we commanded to do in the First Commandment?  A: To fear, love, and trust in God above all things.

19) Q: What is the Second Commandment?  A: Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord, thy God, in vain.

20) Q: What does the Second Commandment forbid?  A: Cursing, swearing, lying, and deceiving by God’s Name; also, refusing to pray to God in true faith.

21) Q: What does the Second Commandment have us do?  A: Call upon God in every trouble; pray, praise, and give thanks to Him.

22) Q: What is the Third Commandment?  A: Remember the Sabbath Day, to keep it holy.

23)  Q: What important things are done in public worship?  A: Baptism, confession and absolution, Scripture reading, preaching, confession of faith in the Creeds, the singing of hymns, prayer, the Lord’s Supper.

24) Q: What is the Fourth Commandment? A: Thou shalt honor thy father and they mother, that it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

25) Q: What does God command us to do in the Fourth Commandment?  A: We should give our parents and those in authority honor, serve and obey them, and hold them in love and esteem.

26) Q: What is the Fifth Commandment?  A: Thou shalt not kill.

27) Q: What is the Sixth Commandment?  A: Thou shalt not commit adultery.

28) Q: What is the Seventh Commandment?  A: Thou shall not steal.

29) Q: What is the Eighth Commandment?  A: Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

30)  Q: What are the Ninth and Tenth Commandments?  A: Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house; Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his cattle, nor anything that is thy neighbor’s.

31) Q: What is the summary of all the Commandments? A: Love the Lord your God with all your heart and love your neighbor as yourself.

32) Q: What does God threaten to do to all who break His Commandments?  A: He threatens to punish them.

33) Q. What, then, is the wages of sin?  A: “The wages of sin is death.” (Romans 6:23)

34) Q: Can anyone keep the Commandments of God perfectly?  A: No.

35) Q: Who cannot keep the law at all?  A: Natural, unbelieving man. (Romans 8:7) 

36) Q: Who can keep it, though imperfectly?  A: Believers in Jesus.

37)  Q: What Bible verse declares all men to be sinners? A: “All have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” (Romans 3:23) 

38) Q: Is there any hope, then, of being saved by the Law?  A: Not at all.

39) Q: How are we made free from sin and the condemnation of the Law?  A: By faith in Christ.

40) Q: How many articles form the Creed?  A: Three.

41) Q: Who is God? A: God is spirit.  He is eternal, present everywhere, all-knowing, almighty, holy, just, faithful, kind, merciful and gracious.

42) Q: Who is the only true God?  A: The Triune God: Father, Son and Holy Spirit; one God in three persons.

43) Q: Why is He called the “Triune God?”  A: Because there are three Persons in one divine Being in the Godhead.

44) Q: Why is God called “Father Almighty?”  A: Because He is the Maker and Preserver of all things.

45) Q: What was made by the Word of the Lord?  A: Heaven and earth.

46) Q: Therefore, what do you believe about yourself?  A: God has made me.

47) Q: What essential parts of who you are did God give you?  A: My body and soul.

48) Q: What does God always do for you?  A: He preserves me, or keeps me alive.

49) Q: What does the Name “Jesus” mean?  A: Savior.

50) Q: Who is Jesus Christ?  A: The Son of God; true God and true man.

51) Q: What two natures, then, are there in Christ?  A: The divine and the human nature.

52) Q: Why did the Son of God assume the human nature?  A: For the redemption, or salvation of the world.     

53) Q: From what evils has Jesus died on the cross to save you?  A: From all sins, from death and from the power of the devil.

54) Q: What did Jesus do with your sins in order to free you from them?  A: He took them upon Himself on the cross and died for me.

55) Q: What did Jesus do to save you from death and hell?  A: He died for me, in my place.

56) Q: How did Jesus deliver you from the power of the devil?  A: He conquered the devil and broke his power by His death and resurrection.

57) Q: What ransom price did Christ pay for your redemption? A: His holy, precious blood.

58)  Q: What is the power of the blood of Jesus Christ, which He shed for us?  A: “The blood of Jesus Christ, God’s Son, cleanses us from all sin.” (1 John 1:7)

59) Q: For what purpose has Christ redeemed you? A: That I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom, and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence and blessedness. 

60) Q: Did Jesus stay dead after His crucifixion?  A: No.  He rose to life on the third day so that I, too, may one day be raised from the dead.

61) Q: Who is the Third Article of the Creed about?  A: The Holy Spirit.

62) Q: Who is the Holy Spirit?  A: The Third Person in the Holy Trinity.

63) Q: What can you not do by your own reason or strength?  A: I cannot believe in Jesus Christ, my Lord, or come to Him.

64) Q: What does the Bible say about the natural state of man?  A: “You were dead in trespasses and sins.” (Ephesians 2:1)

65) Q: What did the Holy Spirit do for you?  A: He gave me faith to believe in Jesus Christ as my Savior.

66) Q: How did the Holy Spirit do this?  A: He called me by the Gospel.

67) Q: What does the Holy Spirit do for you and for all believers in Christ?  A: He keeps me and all believers in Christ in the one true faith.

68) Q: What do we call all believers when we think of them as one body?  A: The Christian Church, the communion of saints.

69) Q: What daily blessing do you enjoy as a member of the Church?  A: The forgiveness of sins.

70) Q: What does God give to believers?  A: Eternal life.

71) Q: What is prayer?  A: An act of worship in which we call upon God’s Holy Name.

72) Q: To whom should we pray?  A: Only to the true God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

73) Q: What should we ask of God in our prayers?  A: For spiritual and earthly blessings.

74) Q: How should we pray?  A: In the Name of Jesus, with total confidence.

75) Q: Which of all prayers is the model prayer?  A: The Lord’s Prayer.

76) Q: How do we address God in prayer?  A: As our heavenly Father.

77) Q: What does it mean to hallow God’s Name?  A: To keep it sacred.

78) Q: What does God do to make His Kingdom come?  A: He brings us to believe His Holy Word.

79) Q: What is the daily bread we ask God for?  A: Every earthly gift we need for the present time.

80) Q: When we ask God to forgive us our trespasses, what are we asking for?  A: For God not to look upon our sins, but to forgive us.

81) Q: What is a Sacrament?  A: A sacred act ordained by God that is visible and which gives God’s saving grace in Jesus Christ.

82)  Q: What is connected to the external, or visible quality of a Sacrament?  A: God’s Word, which makes the visible elements – water, as well as bread and wine – a Sacrament.

83) Q: How many Sacraments are there?  A: Two: Holy Baptism and the Lord’s Supper.

84)  Q: What is the Sacrament of Holy Baptism?  A: It is God’s Word joined with ordinary water for the forgiveness and salvation of the person who is baptized.

85) Q: Who instituted or ordained Holy Baptism?  A: Christ our Lord.

86) Q: What Word of God commands Baptism?  A: “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” (Matthew 28:19)

87) Q: How does the Church make disciples of all nations?  A: By baptizing them and teaching them the faith.

88) Q: Who is the Church to baptize and to teach?  A: All nations, or all people of all ages.

89) Q: How is a person to be baptized?  A: In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

90) Q: Whose Name and Word, then, is connected with the water?  A: God’s Name and Word.

91) Q: What gift does Baptism give?  A: Saving faith in Jesus Christ.

92) Q: What is it to be baptized in God’s Name?  A: It is to be baptized by God Himself.

93) Q: How does the Church open the kingdom of heaven, administering the Office of the Keys? A: By forgiving sins.

94) Q: Whose sins are forgiven?  A: The sins of penitent sinners, or those who are sorry for their sins and believe in Jesus Christ.

95) Q: Whose sins are not forgiven?  A: The sins of impenitent sinners, or those who are not sorry for their sins and refuse God’s forgiveness in Jesus Christ.

96) Q: How many parts does confession have?  A: Two parts.

97) Q: What are these parts?  A: That we confess our sins and receive God’s absolution, or forgiveness, for them.

98) Q: Why is Holy Communion called the Sacrament of the Altar?  A: Because it is given and received at the altar.

99) Q: What does Jesus give us to eat and drink in the Lord’s Supper?  A: His true body and blood under bread and wine.

100) Q: Who gave us the Lord’s Supper?  A: The Lord Jesus.  It is His Holy Supper.

101) Q: What benefit does the Lord’s Supper give to you?  A: It gives me forgiveness of sins, life and salvation.

102) Q: Who rightly receives the Lord’s Supper?  A: The person who believes all of Jesus’ words about His Holy Supper, and who believes the Doctrine of the Church in which he communes.

103) Q: Why do we go to the Lord’s Supper?  A: So that God would forgive us our sins in the Sacrament and strengthen our faith so that we lead godly lives.

104) Q: What is the practice of closed communion?  A: It is the Biblical practice of only communing those who are in complete doctrinal agreement and altar fellowship with our Church.

105) Q: What is the danger of communing unworthily?  A: A person who communes unworthily does so to his own spiritual judgment.   

106) Q: What are the Three Means of Grace, or the three means by which God forgives us our sins and saves us?  A: The Holy Word of God, Holy Baptism and Holy Communion.

107) Q: What is the Church?  A: Holy believers and sheep who hear the voice of their Good Shepherd, Jesus.

108) Q: Why is Church attendance important?  A: It is in the Church where the Means of Grace are proclaimed and administered and Christ has promised to be present.

109) Q: How often should we attend the worship service?  A: We should want to hear the Word of God proclaimed and receive the Lord’s Supper as often as they are offered.

110) Q: What occurs in Divine Worship?  A: God pours out His forgiveness upon us through His Means of Grace and we praise Him for His love for us.

111) Q: Why are Sunday school and Bible study important?  A: Learning and growing in God’s Word strengthens our faith in Jesus Christ.

112) Q: What is Christian stewardship?  A: It is the Biblical practice of giving back to God the first-fruits of our time, talents and treasures, or offerings.

113) Q: Who are we in Church fellowship with?  A: All Lutheran Church – Missouri Synod congregations and any Church body that we are in altar and pulpit fellowship with.

114) Q: What is the Lutheran Reformation?  A: The Lutheran Reformation is the work of God in His Church in which the one true faith is proclaimed: That we are saved by God’s grace alone, through faith alone in Jesus Christ, as declared in Holy Scripture alone, apart from the works of the law.

115) Q: To which Church are we always to remain in and be faithful to?  A: To the Church of the pure Word of God and Confession of faith.

116) Q: How does Ephesians 2:8-9 read?  A: “For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.”

6) Praying the Catechism 

FIRST COMMANDMENT

Lord God, You require us to fear, love, and trust in You above all things. Grant unto us undivided hearts to fear Your wrath and so avoid the evil that You abhor. Instead, help us to love what You command and trust in Your promises; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, world without end. Amen.

SECOND COMMANDMENT

Holy and merciful God, cause us to fear and love You so that we do not curse, swear, use satanic arts, lie, or deceive by Your Name, but call upon it in every trouble, pray, praise, and give thanks and so glorify Your Name, which alone is holy; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

THIRD COMMANDMENT

By Your Word and Spirit, draw us away from our restless labor that we might find rest in You alone, merciful God. Grant that, fearing and loving You above all things, we may never despise the preaching of Your Word of Life, but hold it sacred and gladly hear and learn it; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

FOURTH COMMANDMENT

Heavenly Father, from Whom all earthly fatherhood has its source: Look in mercy on Your children that we may never sin against You by despising or angering our parents and others whom You place in authority over us. Give us repentance where we have ignored, neglected, or provoked our parents, and enable us to honor, serve, obey, love, and cherish them as Your instruments for giving us life and blessing; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord. Amen.

FIFTH COMMANDMENT

God, defender of the weak and helper of the helpless, we implore You to sustain us with Your favor and to strengthen us by Your mercy that we might act with tenderness toward our neighbors, never hurting or harming them in their bodies by hateful words, destructive deeds, or neglect of their well-being. Instead, empower us to help and support them in every physical need even as You have shown mercy to us in Your crucified Son in Whose Name we pray. Amen.

SIXTH COMMANDMENT

Holy Father, You blessed our first parents in Paradise with the gift of marriage, and by Your Word You continue to unite men and women in this estate, which You have hallowed and blessed.  Guard us from all dishonorable lust and every sexual sin that we may be pure and decent in all that we say or do. Answer the cries of those who seek a godly spouse, and uphold all married couples in faithfulness that they may honor and love each other and so glorify You; through Jesus Christ, Who is the true Bridegroom to His Bride, the Church. Amen.

SEVENTH COMMANDMENT

Father of light and Giver of every good gift, keep us from treating our neighbors’ money or possessions as things that we are free to take for ourselves. Instead, give us charity of heart that we might help and assist our neighbors to improve and protect their possessions and income so they may live without want or neediness and so enjoy the blessings that You have bestowed on them; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

EIGHTH COMMANDMENT

God of truth, set a guard over the door of our lips, that our tongues may be purified from sinful speech and sanctified for the words that edify. Give us repentance where we have uttered falsehood, betrayed through exposing secrets, slandered with malicious gossip, or hurt our neighbor’s reputation with lies or half-truths. Make us eager and ready to come to the defense of our neighbors, speak well of them, and explain their circumstances and actions in the kindest way. Hear us for the sake of Him Who is Truth incarnate, Your Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

NINTH COMMANDMENT

Gracious Giver of every good and perfect gift, restrain our rogue hearts as they too easily are drawn to covetousness, which is idolatry. Break every scheme that would attempt to obtain for ourselves the property that You have given to our neighbors, and grant unto us contentment with the daily bread You have freely and without merit granted to us; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

TENTH COMMANDMENT

Almighty God, Lord of all that is good and pure: Set our hearts on You alone so that we may not entice or force away the spouse, workers, or animals of our neighbor but urge them to fulfill their duties in the places where You have put them; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

CONCLUSION TO THE COMMANDMENTS

Lord God, in Your holy jealousy You will not share us with any false gods. Unite our hearts to fear Your wrath and never disobey Your Commandments and so incur Your deserved punishment.  Enable us to love and trust in You above all things that by Your grace we might receive the blessings You promise to those who keep Your Commandments; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

FIRST ARTICLE OF THE APOSTLES’ CREED

Almighty Maker of heaven and earth: We give You thanks for the gift of our creation in body and soul. You are the giver of eyes, ears, and all our members. You have endowed us with our reason and senses, and in Your mercy You take care of us. For what we need to support this body and life – food and drink, house and home, wife and children, land and animals, and all that we have – You richly and daily provide. In Your kind care You defend us against all danger and guard and protect us from all evil. All this You do out of fatherly, divine goodness and mercy, without any merit or worthiness in us. So we implore You, gracious God, to give us faith to acknowledge Your benefits, tongues to thank and praise Your holy Name, and lives joyfully given to serve and obey You; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God forever. Amen.

SECOND ARTICLE OF THE APOSTLES’ CREED

Lord Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from all eternity, and true man, born of the Virgin Mary, You have redeemed us lost and condemned persons. For purchasing and winning us from all sin, from death, and from the power of the devil, not with gold or silver but with Your holy, precious blood and with Your innocent suffering and death, we give You thanks.  We praise You that You have made us Your own so that we may live under You in Your kingdom and serve You in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, just as You are risen from the dead and live and reign to all eternity with Your Father and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

THIRD ARTICLE OF THE APOSTLES’ CREED

Lord Jesus, we cannot believe in You by our own reason or strength or come to You, but Your Holy Spirit has called us by the Gospel, enlightened us with His gifts, sanctified and kept us in the true faith. In the same way He calls, gathers, enlightens, and sanctifies the whole Christian Church on earth and keeps it with You in the one true faith. In this Christian Church, the Holy Spirit daily and richly forgives us all our sins. On the Last Day, He will raise all the dead and give all of us who believe in You eternal life. For this we praise You and implore You according to Your promise to send us the Comforter that we might continue in this confession. For You live and reign with Him and the Father, one God, now and forever. Amen.

ADDRESS TO THE LORD’S PRAYER

Holy Father, with Your words You tenderly invite us to believe that You are our true Father and we are Your true children. Give us boldness and confidence to trust Your promises and so petition You as dear children addressing their dear father; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

FIRST PETITION

Heavenly Father, Whose Name alone is holy in itself, by Your grace grant that it may be kept holy among us also. Cause Your Word to be taught in truth and purity in our midst, and sanctify us by Your truth to live holy lives according to it. Protect us from false teaching and unholy living that would profane Your Name among us; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

SECOND PETITION

Merciful Father, Your kingdom comes by itself without prayers, but we implore You to let it come to us also. Give us Your Holy Spirit, heavenly Father, that by Your grace we believe Your Word and lead godly lives here in time and hereafter in eternity; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

THIRD PETITION

Blessed God, Your good and gracious will is done even without prayer, but we pray that it may be done among us also. To that end, we petition You, holy Lord, to break and hinder every evil plan and purpose of the devil, the world, and our sinful nature, which do not want us to hallow Your Name or let Your kingdom come. Strengthen and keep us in Your Word and faith until we die, and so fulfill in us Your good and gracious will; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

FOURTH PETITION

Generous Father, You certainly open Your hand to give daily bread to everyone without our prayers, even to all evil people. We pray that You would lead us to realize this and so receive our daily bread with thanksgiving, recognizing that in Your bountiful goodness You daily and richly supply everything that has to do with the support and needs of our bodies; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

FIFTH PETITION

Father in heaven, do not look upon our sins or deny our prayers on account of them. We are neither worthy of the things for which we pray, nor have we deserved them, but we ask that You would give them to us by grace, for we daily sin much and deserve nothing but punishment. So we, too, will sincerely forgive and gladly do good to those who sin against us. In Your mercy, hear us, for the sake of Jesus Christ, our Savior. Amen.

SIXTH PETITION

God, You tempt no one to sin, so we pray that You would guard and keep us so that the devil, the world, and our own sinful nature may not deceive us or mislead us into false belief, despair, and other great shame and vice. Although we are attacked by these things, we pray that, trusting in You alone, we may finally overcome them and win the victory; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

SEVENTH PETITION

Our Father in heaven, rescue us from every evil of body and soul, possessions and reputation, and finally, when our last hour comes, give us a blessed end and graciously take us from this valley of sorrows to Yourself in heaven; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

DOXOLOGY

Father in heaven, give us the certainty that the petitions we make according to Your command and promise are pleasing to You and are heard by You, so that with all boldness and confidence we might say: Amen, amen. Yes, yes, it shall be so; through Your Son, Jesus Christ, Who has taught us to pray in this way. Amen.

HOLY BAPTISM

Baptism I

Lord Jesus Christ, You instituted Baptism, which is not just plain water but water included in Your command and combined with Your word when You said, “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.” Grant us always to cherish our Baptism, trusting in the promises You make to us there, and so by this gift come to receive the inheritance of eternal life; for You live and

reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

Baptism II

Lord Jesus Christ, by Your death You have purchased and won for us forgiveness of sins, rescuing us from death and the devil and obtaining eternal salvation which You now work in Baptism. Give us Your Spirit that we may believe what You have said, “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved,” and so receive these gifts of forgiveness of sins, victory over death and the devil, and eternal salvation, as Your words and promises declare. Amen.

Baptism III

Lord Christ, it is certainly not just water, but the Word of God in the water that does these great things, along with the faith which trusts this Word of God in the water, for without God’s Word the water is plain water and no Baptism. We confess and trust that with Your Word, this water is a Baptism, that is, a life-giving water, rich in grace, and a washing of new life in the Holy Spirit, as Your apostle teaches: “He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, Whom He poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that, having been justified by His grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life” (Titus 3:5–8). Give us hearts of faith to cling to this trustworthy saying, not doubting but firmly believing that this Baptism now saves us. Hear us, for we pray in Your Name, Lord Jesus. Amen.

Baptism IV

Lord God, You have taught us through Your holy apostle: “We were therefore buried with Him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.” (Romans 6:4)  Cause the old Adam in us to be drowned by daily contrition and repentance with all sins and evil desires, so that a new man might daily emerge and arise to live before You in righteousness and purity forever; through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.

THE OFFICE OF THE KEYS & INDIVIDUAL

CONFESSION AND ABSOLUTION

Holy and merciful Father, You teach us that if we do not confess our sins, the truth is not in us. Grant us honest hearts to plead guilty of all sins, even those of which we are unaware – as we do in the Lord’s Prayer – but also give us courage to confess before the pastor those sins which we know and feel in our hearts.  Having confessed our sins, give us ears to hear and hearts to receive Your absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the pastor as from You Yourself, not doubting but firmly believing that by it, our sins are forgiven before You in heaven; through Jesus Christ, Your Son, our Lord, Who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen.

SACRAMENT OF THE ALTAR

Lord’s Supper I

Lord Jesus Christ, on the solemn night of Your betrayal, You established the Sacrament, giving us Your true body and blood under bread and wine for us Christians to eat and drink. We praise You for this wondrous testament and pray that You would lead us to eat and drink Your body and blood, trusting in Your promise alone; for You live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

Lord’s Supper II

Your holy words, Lord Jesus, “given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins,” bestow on all who believe forgiveness of sins in which there is life with You and salvation in the resurrection of our bodies. Cause us to cling to Your words and so know that, on account of Your Passion, our sins are forgiven, our lives are redeemed from death, and our destiny in Your heavenly kingdom is made certain; for You live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

Lord’s Supper III

Lord Jesus Christ, as we eat Your holy body and drink Your holy blood, draw our hearts to trust in Your promise that Your body and blood were given and shed for the forgiveness of our sins.  Give us the confidence that whoever believes Your words has exactly what they say: “forgiveness of sins”; for You live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

Lord’s Supper IV

Lord Christ, grant that we may never come to Your altar trusting in our own righteousness or reliant on our own worthiness.  Fasting and bodily preparation are fine outward training to discipline the flesh, but they can never make us worthy in Your eyes. Free us from false belief and misplaced trust, and in Your mercy bring us to repentance, deliver us from doubt, and comfort our consciences with Your forgiveness; for You live and reign with the Father and the Holy Spirit, ever one God. Amen.

    HOLY TRINITY & ST. JAMES LUTHERAN CHURCHES
    PO Box 247
    Lexington, Texas 78947
    PH: 979.773.2634
    lexington.fedor.lcms@gmail.com
    ABOUT US

    We are two conservative, confessional Lutheran churches of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, who, in faithfulness toward God, gather around His Holy Word and Sacraments.

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